How to Learn Android Programming Step By Step

If you are interested in developing mobile apps, then Android programming is a valuable skill that you should learn. Android is a popular mobile operating system developed by Google, and it powers millions of mobile devices across the globe. With Android programming skills, you can create amazing mobile apps that can be used by millions of people, and you can make a career as a mobile app developer. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of learning Android programming step by step.

Learning Android programming might seem intimidating at first, but with the right approach, you can master it in no time. In this blog post, we will cover what you need to get started with Android programming, what to focus on, different methods to learn Android programming, why you can’t learn Android programming, and recommendations for successful learning.

Video Tutorial:

What’s Needed

To learn Android programming, you need a computer with a decent specifications. Here are some of the requirements:

  • A computer with at least 8GB of RAM and a modern processor.
  • Latest version of Java installed on the computer.
  • An Android device or an Android emulator to test and debug your app. You can use Android Studio which has an in-built emulator as well.
  • A reliable high-speed internet connection. Android programming requires downloading and updates of large libraries and tools.
  • And last but not least, you should have lots of patience, energy and a willingness to learn.

What Requires Your Focus?

The following skills & topics required your focus

  • Java Programming language basics
  • Android Components and Architecture
  • XML Design Basics for designing android layouts.
  • Database management with SQLite
  • Debugging and troubleshooting skills.
  • Developing for different platforms and screen size

Different Methods to Learn Android Programming

Method 1: Online Courses

Online courses are a popular way of learning Android programming. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Signup for an online course. I recommend Coursera, Udemy or Pluralsight
  2. Watch the lecture videos and read the study materials
  3. Complete the programming assignments and practice exercises
  4. Discuss the topics in community forums and access mentor support.
  5. Submit the final project and earn a certificate or degree, which can add value to your resume.


  • Flexible learning schedule.
  • You can learn at your own pace.
  • Access discussion forums and mentor support in the online community.
  • Online platforms have interactive and engaging learning content.


  • No face-to-face interaction with instructors and peers.
  • No immediate feedback or reinforcement provided.
  • Online platforms could be expensive.
  • Some courses may have limited access to mentors and discussion forums.

Method 2: Books

Books are an excellent way to learn Android programming. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Research and find the best books on Android Programming (we recommend Kotlin Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide, Android App Development For Dummies, and Android Cookbook).
  2. Purchase the books or look for free e-books.
  3. Read and follow the instructions in the book, and complete exercises and coding assignments.
  4. Join forums and discussion groups to interact with fellow readers and authors.
  5. Find more books and continue learning at your own pace.


  • Books are a cheaper alternative to online courses.
  • Books provide a comprehensive coverage of the subject matter in a step-by-step approach.
  • You can read books offline, and in a place and time of your convenience
  • Books are available in various formats, including e-books, audiobooks, and hard copies.


  • No immediate feedback or reinforcement provided.
  • Books could be outdated, or contain errors in code and references.
  • Books have limited interaction with instructors and peers.
  • No certification or degrees are earned upon completion.

Method 3: Attend Android Bootcamps or Workshops

Android bootcamps and workshops are intensive training programs designed to teach Android programming to beginners in a short duration. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Find reputable bootcamps or workshops on Android programming that suits your schedule and budget.
  2. Apply and attend the bootcamp or workshop in-person or online.
  3. Participate in collaborative coding activities, and receive immediate feedback and support.
  4. Completely taught skills through hackathons and real-life projects
  5. Complete the final project and earn a certificate or degree at the end of the program.


  • Bootcamps and workshops offer hands-on learning practical sessions.
  • Immediate feedback on code provided by instructors and peers
  • Collaboration with experienced instructors and peers leading to effective learning.
  • Suitable for people who want to learn quickly and efficiently.


  • Bootcamps and workshops can be expensive.
  • They can also be tough if you do not have prior programming experience.
  • Some bootcamps and workshops only cover the basics, and you might need to take additional courses to gain in-depth knowledge.
  • You might need to leave your current work to attend the workshops and bootcamps.

Method 4: Practice with Sample Code & Applications

Practice makes perfect; the android studio offers plenty of sample code and built-in apps for developers.

  1. Download and install Android Studio Integrated Development Environment (IDE).
  2. Explore the various sample codes and built-in apps.
  3. Study the code, and try tweaking the applications
  4. Launch the app on an emulator or physical device, and see the results of the changes you made.
  5. Submit your final project to Google Play Store.


  • Free and easily accessible to all Android developers.
  • Practice improves your understanding, enhances troubleshooting and debugging skills
  • Working with built-in applications saves time, and you can reuse the code for your specific app.


  • No exposure to real-world projects.
  • No feedback from instructors or peers
  • Limited in scope and may not take you beyond the beginner’s level.

Why Can’t I Learn Android Programming?

Although it’s possible to learn Android programming, several factors might hinder the learning process. Here are some of the reasons why you might be facing difficulty in learning Android programming:

Reason 1: Lack of Motivation or Focus

Creating mobile apps can be challenging, and if you are not motivated, you might lose interest along the way. Likewise, if you are not focused, you might not fully grasp the concepts, which can lead to frustration.


Try to set achievable goals and breaking down into achievable milestones. Reward yourself when you reach a milestone. Set aside a specific time for learning each day & try to create a schedule. Do not forget to take breaks and care for yourself.

Reason 2: Not Following a Structured Plan

Android programming involves learning multiple concepts and tools, and if you try to learn everything at once, you might become overwhelmed.


Develop a structure for learning. Start by the basics and create a learning path towards comprehensive Android programming. Take one step at a time, and you will eventually achieve mastery.

Reason 3: Lack of Mentorship and Support

Learning Android programming on your own can be daunting, especially if you encounter bugs or errors that you can’t solve.


Join an online community of fellow Android programmers or work with a mentor. Mentorship will keep you motivated and help you see through the process, while a community offers a wealth of resources to heighten your learning experience. Don’t hesitate to ask for help; the Android development community encourages a spirit of collaboration.

Implications and Recommendations

It’s essential to note that learning Android programming is an ongoing process, and you can never know it all. With each new project, you’ll have a chance to learn and improve your skills. Here are some recommendations to help you improve:

  • Develop a constant study habit and make it a routine.
  • Take part in hackathons, contests and real-life applications instead of only focusing on tutorials
  • Stay up-to-date with new releases, updates, and emerging trends in Android programming
  • Join open-source platforms like GitHub or GitLab
  • Keep practising and reviewing code, do lots of projects

5 FAQs about Learning Android Programming

Q1: What programming languages should I know before starting Android programming?

A: Android programming mainly uses Java and Kotlin in programming. It’s essential to have a basic grasp of Java programming.

Q2: Which are the Best Android SDK and IDE versions for Beginners?

A: Android Studio is the best environment to use for developing Android apps. The best SDK version is based on the targeted audience and the application requirements.

Q3: Is it easy to develop Android mobile applications?

A: Android mobile app development can be challenging, especially if you are starting. However, with time, practice, and consistent learning, it can be manageable.

Q4: What is the Duration of a Typical Android Programming Course?

A: Online courses can take several weeks or months depending on the outline. Bootcamps and workshops can last from a week to a few months.

Q5: Is it Necessary to Avail Certification?

A: Certification provides a sense of accomplishment, and it can improve your chances of landing a job in Android programming.

In Conclusion

Learning Android programming is not easy, but with the right mindset, adequate focus, and hard work, you can achieve the career of your dreams. Various methods can be applied, including online courses, books, workshops & bootcamps, and practice with built-in apps. Other tips include staying motivated, collaborating with fellow developers and mentors, and developing a consistent study habit. Lastly, keep practicing, persevere through difficulties and embrace the process, because you will reap the fruits with time.